“Kappa Tuchia”, which in the words of the Persians means “The Land of Beautiful Horses”. Located in the heart of Anatolia is Cappadocia, which is one of Turkey's most popular tourist centers of the spectacular and exclusive nature, the unique beauty of valleys, fairy chimneys, rock-hewn settlements, open-air museums and underground cities with domestic and foreign hosts millions of tourists every year.
What is Cappadocia?
The Cappadocia region is more known for the resorts of Goreme, Urgup, Avanos and Uchisar. However, Cappadocia is actually the name of a fairly large region covering the provinces of Nevsehir, Kırşehir, Niğde, Aksaray and Kayseri. In other words, Cappadocia can actually be called a Cappadocia of five provinces.
If we express Cappadocia in a narrower area that has its own characteristics and beauties, we can say that it covers the towns of Avanos, Goreme, Uchisar, Urgup, Cavusin, Açıksaray, Ortahisar, Derinkuyu, Kaymaklı and Ihlara.
Cappadocia is located 305 kilometers from Ankara, 750 kilometers from Istanbul, 780 kilometers from Izmir, 60 kilometers from Kayseri and 12 kilometers from Nevsehir.
A Brief History of Cappadocia
Looking at the history of Cappadocia, we see that the region was first active during the Hittites period. Due to the fact that it is located on the historical Silk Road route, the region was a kind of commercial center at that time, and this is M.He. it continues until the fall of the Hittites in the 12th century.
After that, he moved to the region.He. Persians in the 6th century, A.D.He. the Kingdom of Cappadocia in the time of Alexander the Great in 332 and later in M.S. until the 17th year, the Roman Empire reigns. M.S. when the last King of Cappadocia died in 17, the region became a Roman province.
Cappadocia bölegsi M.S. in the 3rd century, together with the Christian people who settled here, the region is becoming a center of education, religion and thought. However, M.S. between 303 and 308, the Roman Empire's pressure on the people of the region was increasing, and the people made shelters and settlements carved out of rocks invisible from the outside in deep valleys to hide from oppression, persecution and dec.
M. Again.S. in the 11th and 12th centuries, Arab raids prevail in the region first, and then the Seljuks dominate the region. In later periods, decency prevails in the region, most recently during the Ottoman Empire, and after the Treaty of Lausanne, between 1924 and 1926, the Christian people here emigrated and left Cappadocia.
Formations in Cappadocia
This unusual structure and feature of Cappadocia has been hidden in geographical formations for more than 60 million years. In the early days, the Cappadocia region, which is an inland sea, the surrounding Erciyes Mountain, Hasan Mountain and the lava and ashes sprayed by Gulludag millions of years ago began to dry this region and stone, i.e. tuff structures consisting of lava and ash, began to form in the region.
These soft tuff layers again began to change as a result of erosion by strong winds, floods and rain waters over millions of years and turned into valleys with erosion. So, as we all know, conical bodies began to form that looked like they had a mushroom cap or hat on them. These natural wonder formations are also called fairy chimneys.